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Nature of Science Standards for Ohio 2020-2021

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Equity in Education – Forget Home Internet, Give Them Unlimited Phone Data Now

I am a veteran educator and Ohio resident with 2 children, currently home due to Covid 19. From the moment the discussion of school closings began, and the reality of equity in education became part of the national conversation, I began pondering various ways to equalize the delivery of online education in our country, since according to Pew Research, some 14-17% of our nations children don’t have access to reliable internet. And, if we can’t educate everyone equally, we’re going to have a big issue giving credit for any of the work done from home, by any of our students.

Reliable internet has been an issue in education long before Covid 19, believe me! I have been an educator for 12 years, most of that time, in Title 1 schools, so I know first hand the inequities that are ingrained in our traditional education system. For the last 2.6 years I have taught Biology in an online school and I can assure you, it is a struggle for lots of those students as well. I have many, many, many students, who struggle regularly with internet issues, even though their families have enrolled them in an online school. Whether internet connectivity issues are the result of monetary constraints or rurality, students consistently face wifi or internet outages and/or connection speed issues. For these kids, their immediate fallback is their smart phone, this is the texting generation, after all, and most, if not all, of our kids have a smart device. However, the issue often then becomes their limited data packages.

This is why, it is tempting to want to try to equalize education by supplying internet to households of all of our students in need. However, I’m here to tell you, it won’t solve the problem. You will still have connectivity issues, based on location and financial means. What may solve the problem however, is supplying all school-aged students with unlimited data packages. This is by no means a fix, but it may be the perfect stopgap measure, as it would allow students to use their smart device(s) directly or as a hotspot, to connect to a computer, if that is an option. The solution of using unlimited data packages, in place of home internet, untethers the delivery of education from student’s homes and allows them to receive it anywhere, regardless of location. This is especially essential, since many of our at-risk students change homes often. It also eliminates all of the unmanageable variables associated with home internet connectivity issues.

While I know this is not the ultimate solution for resolving equity in education, during this time, it would immediately allow all students to receive their education and engage in their online learning equally, at least until other methods of ensuring equity in online delivery are in place. 

Hopefully, some, if not all, of our multibillion dollar telecommunication corporations will see, this is a crucial moment for our nation’s children and step in, or dare I say step up, and offer unlimited data packages, and occasionally devices when necessary, to our nation’s school districts, for free. If not for free, then maybe at a greatly reduced cost. Ultimately, our state and/or federal government should, for once, include our nation’s education system in a stimulus package, since every one of our public school students is now paying a heavy price for being left out of them for so long!

Nancy Passarelli

Concerned Parent and Educator

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Cells – Breakfast Cells Are Delicious!

Question????????: In 2020, the average American will consume 290 of this specific cell. Do you know what cell I am talking about?

2 Cell Types

Compare differences of Eukaryotes & Prokaryotes and give examples of each.

Complete this Venn diagram

Create a Venn Diagram like this in your notebook:) Get creative with it!

Cell Organelles

All cell organelles are important, but I want you to focus on these Nucleus, ER, Ribosomes and Golgi Apparatus. You need to know exactly what they do.

Play this –> Bioman cell game <– Then create an information organelle diagram or a simple table in your notes including the function of each.









Cell Membrane Design & Function

The cell membranes job is to maintain homeostasis. Click –> homeostasis <–if you don’t know what it means.

Look at those Macromolecules Working Together to Keep Things In…or Out of Your Cells!

What you must know about the cell membrane.

  1. How cell membranes maintain homeostasis?
  2. What macromolecules compose it?
    • If you don’t know your macromolecules. Go –> here <– to learn them
    • Create a chart in your notebook
  3. How phospholipids and proteins are involved in Active and Passive cellular transport?
    • After completion you should be able to compare both types of transport, including the types of molecules that rely on each to move across the membrane.

Complete this Active Transport vs Passive Transport Hyperdoc

Let’s Explore Enzymes

Enzymes are essential for life and all cellular function, without them, life wouldn’t exist.

What you must know about enzymes

  1. What macromolecule is an enzyme?
  2. What is the job of enzymes in the body?
  3. How do enzymes reduce activation energy?
  4. What is the enzyme substrate complex?
  5. What factors can affect enzyme function?
  6. What would happen if we didn’t have enzymes in our body?

Complete this Enzyme Hyperdoc

Photosynthesis vs Chemosynthesis…and Cellular Respiration

For decades, we have known the connection between photosynthesis and cellular respiration, however, chemosynthesis is a fairly new development in science.




What you must know about these concepts

  1. How do photosynthesis and chemosynthesis compare?
  2. Do organisms that go through photosynthesis also need to go through cellular respiration?
  3. How is photosynthesis connected to cellular respiration?

Complete this Photosynthesis vs Chemosynthesis & Cellular Respiration Hyperdoc

Cell Division

So far we’ve covered how cells keep living things alive, but what happens when cells die? What happens when the organism needs to grow or repair damaged cells, due to anything that resulted in bleeding or broken bones?

3 types of Cell Division

What you must know about these concepts

  1. What is the basic difference between them all?
  2. Which type of division is down in prokaryotes?
  3. What type of division is done for growth and repair?
  4. Which type of division is done to create gametes?
  5. What cells or cell types go through each process?
  6. How the 1 stage of Mitosis compares to the 2 stages of Meiosis?

Answer to the cell question: EGGS! The egg is the largest single cell in the female body. Why are eggs from egg laying animals so big?